10 Best Museums in Prague

Each museum in the Czech capital unfolds its own narrative, immersing you in the history, art and culture of the city and other parts of the world. Here are the best museums in Prague.

Lorena Morales

Lorena Morales

11 min read

10 Best Museums in Prague

Dome of the National Museum | ©Kristian Temin

Prague, the Czech capital, is located in the heart of Central Europe, on the banks of the Vltava River. With more than a thousand years of history, the city stands out for its cobblestone streets and well-preserved medieval architecture. That is why one of the best things to see and do in Prague is to visit its museums, where you can appreciate the cultural richness of this city.

Here is a list of the best museums in Prague, where each one offers a different perspective of the city, such as the National Museum, with its collections of art and natural history, or the Kafka Museum dedicated to the famous Czech writer. The options are very diverse - let's get started!

1. National Museum of Prague

National Museum of Prague| ©Zdeněk Hercík
National Museum of Prague| ©Zdeněk Hercík

The National Museum of Prague is one of the main cultural destinations of the city and the country. Founded in 1818, the museum houses a wide range of collections ranging from art and archaeology to zoology and history from prehistoric times.

The museum is composed of five departments: the Museum of Natural Sciences, the Museum of History, the Czech Museum of Music, the Náprstek Museum, dedicated to Asian, African and American cultures, and the National Museum Library.

Among its most outstanding exhibitions is the Coronation Hall, where the Czech crown jewels are exhibited, among others. You can also see important collections of national art, including paintings, sculptures and decorative art. The building housing the museum is very interesting, with its Neo-Renaissance façade, as well as the surrounding gardens and outdoor spaces.

If you decide to visit the National Museum in Prague you can take advantage of the discounts offered by the Prague CoolPass tourist card, which gives you discounted access to some 70 Prague attractions, including the National Museum, as well as other activities, such as guided tours and cruises.

Interesting details

  • Location: Wenceslas Square 1700/68 110 00 Prague 1 - New Town.
  • Hours: Monday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm.
  • Entrance fee: about 16 € per person.

Buy your Prague Cool Pass

2. Museum of Communism

Museum of Communism| ©Jon Hjembo
Museum of Communism| ©Jon Hjembo

Even if you're only in Prague for a day, you can't miss the Museum of Communism. It is an institution dedicated to preserving and displaying the history of the communist period in the Czech Republic, which opened its doors in 2001. It is located in the city center, near Wenceslas Square.

The Museum of Communism 's collection consists of artifacts, photographs, documents and objects related to life under the communist regime. Through interactive exhibits, you can explore what daily life, political propaganda, repression and resistance were like during that period.

There is no special day to visit the Museum of Communism, but it is advisable to avoid peak times so you can explore at your leisure. It is always best to book your tickets in advance, especially during high season.

Details of interest

  • Address: Celenice 1031/4, Prague 1.
  • Hours: open daily from 9 am to 8 pm.
  • Admission fee: adults from 19 € and young people from 11 to 18 years about 14 €. Children under 10 years old are free.

Buy your ticket for the Museum of Communism

3. Franz Kafka Museum

Franz Kafka Museum| ©Andrew Milligan sumo
Franz Kafka Museum| ©Andrew Milligan sumo

The Kafka Museum in Prague, dedicated to the famous writer Franz Kafka, is located in the center of the city, near the Charles Bridge and the Old Town Square. It is a must-see destination for literature lovers and those seeking to explore the complexity of the author and his legacy in modern literature.

With its collections, the Kafka Museum immerses you in the author's literary universe through interactive exhibits and artifacts that reveal highlights of his life and his profound influence on 20th century literature. You can also see original manuscripts, personal letters and photographs.

If you visit Prague in summer, the season of Kafka's birth and death, you can join a tour dedicated to the writer. These are tours that take you to sites related to Franz Kafka's life and work. In addition, the museum often organizes special events, such as readings from Kafka's works and lectures on his cultural influence, which can give you a more complete view of his work.

Details of interest

  • Location: Cihelná 2b 118 00 Prague 1.
  • Hours: open daily from 10 am to 6 pm.
  • Entrance fee: from 12 € per person.

Book the Franz Kafka tour

4. Kinsky Palace of the National Gallery in Prague

Kinsky Palace| ©Yoke Fong
Kinsky Palace| ©Yoke Fong

The Kinsky Palace, home of the National Gallery of Prague, is a cultural highlight of the city. There you can admire collections of Asian and African art. It is right in the Old Town Square, so you can take the opportunity to visit it when touring this part of the city.

In the palace you can see art from various parts of the world such as Japan, Korea, Tibet, China, Asia and Africa. There are more than 13 thousand objects ranging from paintings and sculptures to ceramics and bronzes from China and Japan that will surprise you.

You can have a great time touring the gallery and discovering new things in each room, and also in the temporary exhibitions. If you decide to visit this museum, you can join one of the best Prague tours of the Old Town, which often include entrance to the National Gallery. Taking such tours with expert guides is a great way to learn more about the history and art of the city.

Details of interest

  • Location: Old Town Square 12 11000 Prague 1 - Old Town
  • Hours: Tuesday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm and Wednesday from 10 am to 8 pm.
  • Entrance fee: from 10 € per person.

Book a tour of the Old Town

5. Jewish Museum of Prague

Prague Jewish Museum| ©Marcel
Prague Jewish Museum| ©Marcel "MadJo" de Jong

The Jewish presence is a significant part of the city's history, so exploring this facet of Prague is essential to understanding its cultural diversity. You can learn about this at the Jewish Museum in Prague, which offers a more complete perspective on Jewish life and traditions throughout the centuries.

The Jewish Museum in Prague encompasses the Jewish cemetery and 6 synagogues of beautiful architecture, where you will find an extensive collection of artifacts, documents and exhibits that tell the story of Jewish history and culture in the region. It is best to start your tour at the Entrance Office, where you can get a map with useful directions for exploring the Josefov Jewish Quarter.

Another option is to join a guided tour of the Jewish Quarter. This way you can walk the cobblestone streets of the neighborhood, visit the synagogues and everything there is tosee and do in Prague's Jewish cemetery. It is definitely a great way to learn about Prague's Jewish history and culture from expert local guides.

The 6 Synagogues of the Jewish Museum

  • Klaus Synagogue: in its exhibits you can learn about the traditions and daily life of Jewish families. Address: 1, U Starého Hřbitova 39, Josefov, 110 00 Praha.
  • Maisel Synagogue: this is where you can learn about the history of Jews in Bohemia and Moravia. Address: Maiselova 10, 110 00 Praha 1.
  • Spanish Synagogue: is dedicated to the history of the Jewish community in the 19th and 20th centuries in Czech territories. Address: Vězeňská 1, 110 00 Staré Město.
  • Old-New Synagogue: from the 13th century, it is one of the oldest Jewish monuments in Europe. It is also the oldest Gothic building in the Czech Republic. Address: Červená, 110 01 Josefov.
  • Upper Synagogue: from the 16th century, it contains part of the collection of the Jewish Museum. Address: Červená 98, 110 00 Staré Město.
  • Klausen Synagogue: has an extensive collection of Hebrew texts. Address: 1, U Starého Hřbitova 39, Josefov, 110 00.

Details of interest

  • Location: Entrance Office: U Starého hřbitova 3a, 110 00 Prague.
  • Hours: November to March: Monday to Friday and Sunday from 9 am to 4:30 pm. April to October: Monday to Friday and Sundays from 9 am to 6 pm.
  • Admission: about 22 € for adults and about 15 € for children between 6 and 15 years old. Children under 6 years old are free. Includes admission to the synagogues and the Jewish cemetery. Does not include entrance to the Old-New Synagogue.

Book a tour of the Jewish Quarter

6. Beer Museum

Beer Museum| ©Jessica Beer
Beer Museum| ©Jessica Beer

In Prague, beer is much more than a drink: it is part of its culture and history. For centuries, it has occupied a central place in the social and gastronomic life of the city. The or Muzeum piva in Czech, is a reflection of the importance of this beverage. Opened in 2009, it is located near the Old Town Square.

In the Beer Museum, you will find a variety of exhibits and artifacts related to the history and production of this beverage, from old production equipment to exhibits on beer styles and brewing techniques. You can learn about the importance of beer in Czech society and its role in festivities and celebrations.

Undoubtedly among the most outstanding experiences you can enjoy at the museum are the tastings, as they offer you the opportunity to try some of the beers that you find in the best breweries in Prague and thus discover their different flavors and styles.

If you feel like exploring the world of Czech beer, you can join a beer tour around the city, which takes you to different local breweries. It's one of the best things to do in Prague at night to learn more about the local culture.

Interesting details

  • Location: Husova 21, 110 00 Prague 1
  • Hours: daily from 10 am to 8 pm.
  • Entrance fee: from 19 € per person.

Book a beer tour

7. Madame Tussauds wax museum

Madame Tussauds| ©Okmarjx
Madame Tussauds| ©Okmarjx

In the heart of Prague, you will discover a unique experience: Madame Tussauds, the famous wax museum that immerses you in the world of celebrities and historical figures. This museum offers you the opportunity to get up close and personal with your favorite icons, from movie stars to world leaders, in an immersive and entertaining environment.

As you explore Madame Tussauds, you'll find yourself surrounded by lifelike wax figures, each crafted in stunning detail. You can take pictures with your idols and learn about their achievements while enjoying an interactive pop culture experience.

To get the most out of your visit, I recommend you explore every corner of the museum at your leisure and stop at the exhibits that interest you most. Another recommendation is to visit in low season, such as the months of January and February in Prague. This way you can take your selfies with the waxwork celebrities with more tranquility.

Interesting details

  • Location: Celetná 6 110 00 Praha 1 - Old Town.
  • Hours: Monday to Sunday, 10 am to 8 pm.
  • Admission fee: from 11 € for children under 15 years and about 15 € for those over 15 years.

Buy your ticket to Madame Tussauds

8. Museum of Illusions

Museum of Illusions| ©alfred lex
Museum of Illusions| ©alfred lex

Prague's Museum of Illusions is a captivating destination not to be missed during your stay in the city. This museum offers you a unique visual and mental experience that will awaken your curiosity and amazement. It is a perfect place to immerse yourself in the world of optical illusions and challenge your perceptions of reality.

Inside the Museum of Illusions, you will encounter interactive and captivating exhibits, such as mirror illusions and augmented reality installations that play with your perception. Each space in the museum invites you to explore and discover new concepts about how we perceive the world around us.

It's a great plan if you're going to Prague with children, as they can learn about the science behind illusions in a fun, hands-on way. If you plan to visit the Museum of Illusions, don't forget to go with an open mind and a willingness to be challenged.

Details of interest

  • Location: Myšák Vodičkova Gallery 31/710 110 00 Prague 1.
  • Hours: Monday to Sunday from 9 am to 9 pm.
  • Admission fee: from 14 € per person.

Buy your ticket for the Museum of Illusions

9. Museum of the Senses

Museum of Senses| ©Alexandre FERNANDEZ
Museum of Senses| ©Alexandre FERNANDEZ

If you are interested in exploring a different museum in Prague, the Museum of Senses is a great option. There you can participate in activities that will challenge your senses and make you question how you perceive things around you. It is located near the Mucha Museum and less than a kilometer from the Old Town Square, Prague's main square.

Visiting this museum can be of interest to both children and adults and is ideal if you will be in Prague for more than 3 days and want to engage in imagination-boosting activities. On your visit, you can explore how you interpret the world through your senses, from sight to touch and hearing.

Each room features interactive exhibits that defy gravity, light and sound effects that stimulate the senses, and tactile experiences that invite you to explore. It's a place where reality blends with imagination, creating unforgettable moments for visitors.

Don't forget to book your ticket in advance to avoid the queues, especially if you go to Prague in May, when the Prague Spring Festival and Czech Beer Festival take place and is one of the busiest times for tourists.

Details of interest

  • Location: Jindřišská 20 110 00 Prague 1 - New Town.
  • Opening hours: Monday to Sunday from 10 am to 9 pm.
  • Admission fee: from 13 € per person.

Buy your ticket to the Museum of the Senses

10. Mucha Museum

Mucha Museum| ©alshan
Mucha Museum| ©alshan

The Mucha Museum is a unique museum of its kind, which is dedicated to the life and work of the famous Czech artist Alphonse Mucha. It is located in the heart of Prague, inside the baroque Kaunický Palace. Since it opened its doors in 1998, it has become a must-see destination for lovers of Art Nouveau and the work of this renowned modernist painter.

Within the seven sections of the Within the seven sections of the museum, you will discover a varied collection that includes decorative panels, Parisian posters, decorative documents and oil paintings, among others. You can immerse yourself in the world of Alphonse Mucha through his drawings, pastels, photographs and personal memorabilia, which chronicle the artist's life and legacy.

One of the best times to visit this museum is during the month of February in Prague, when the artist's birthday is celebrated and commemorative events are held. Note that it will take you about two hours to explore the museum in its entirety, depending on how interested you are in learning more about Alphonse Mucha and his impact on the modern art world.

Alternatively, a convenient way to get to the Mucha Museum is via the Prague Hop-on-Hop-off tour bus, which has a stop near the Kaunický Palace and strategic stops at major Prague attractions.

Details of interest

  • Location: Panská 7 11000 Prague 1 - New Town.
  • Opening hours: Monday to Sunday from 10 am to 6 pm.
  • Entrance fee: from 14 € per person.

Tour Prague by tourist bus